Specialization Training – Making Those Stubborn Body Parts GrowNovember 20, 2012 • By admin
I don’t put up too many guest posts on my site, but JC wrote one exclusively for my blog that I couldn’t pass on. I was chatting with him about getting stubborn body parts to grow…and that I haven’t discussed this much on my blog. I know this is one of his specialties, so asked him if he would be up for a guest post.
He came up with a much more comprehensive post than I was expecting. Not only does he give out a great strategy, he outlines 2 different detailed workouts to use to get a stubborn body part to grow.
Making Those Stubborn Body Parts Grow
Have you been training a while, but have a few body parts you’d like to bring up or actually make grow a bit faster than the rest of your body?
Most of us will have a major need in our training careers to specialize and prioritize certain muscle groups over others, at least for a while.
For some guys, it’s their upper chest. For others, it’s the mid or upper back. For some, it’s their arms, and far too many of us are walking around with tiny calves.
But how do we actually get these stubborn muscles to grow? Are we not training hard enough? Or are we doing something wrong?
In today’s article, I’m going to give you some tools and ideas that you can use to help you bring up those lagging body parts.
Rates of Muscle Gain and How We Grow
As it’s been stated on this site before, we make the most progress in our first 1-2 years of training, and then it slows down considerably after that. In fact, after 4-5 years of proper training, we’ve probably gained the majority of the muscle mass our genetics will allow for naturally.
However, during our first 1-2 years of training, and making gains, we often find that certain body parts grow incredibly fast. For me, my quads and glutes have always grown much faster than everything else.
[See the picture below to view my quad and glute development]
In my case, I wanted to focus on my lats, chest, and shoulders for a while. The problem was I didn’t really know what to do.
I’d done so much squatting and deadlifting in the past and didn’t want to lose my size or strength gains I’d worked so hard for. This obviously hindered my ability to make my upper body grow as I wasn’t doing enough work to produce the growth I so badly wanted.
Enter The Experimentation Period
So I’d done a ton of reading various texts, and articles online, and finally put together a plan of attack.
Due to my time restrictions, I only had 3 days to train, so I was doing upper body training on Mondays and Fridays with a few sets of squats and RDL’s on Wednesdays.
In my case, it was strength work followed by lots of volume on my upper days, with only strength work (3-5 sets of 5 reps) on my lower days.
This worked fairly well for the time being, until I got bored and went back to my usual upper/lower split.
It wasn’t until a few years later that I actually got quite hooked on traditional bodybuilding-style training that produced pretty good results.
The Theory Behind Specialization Training
Before I go into detail of exactly how to set up your plan of attack, I want to give you a primer on exactly how this works.
If you want to get good at something, you do it often. In this case, certain movements can be performed frequently, as long as the load is managed and you don’t overdo it in terms of intensity, and duration.
If this happens, you might regress, or worse, get injured.
With specialization training, we’re emphasizing 1-3 muscle groups at a time, and deemphasizing the other muscle groups we’re not targeting with simply maintenance work (this is why I only trained legs once per week for a short period of time).
The theory is this: place more focus and load for a short period, and those muscle groups adapt and grow.
For specialization cycles, I’d devote no more than 4-6 weeks to each one to prevent burnout.
The Various Specialization Methods
I’m going to cover two methods I really like and have seen work well. First we’ll go over the Overreach and Rest Approach, and then I’ll touch on the Daily Training Approach.
~ The Overreach and Rest Approach ~
First we have a method that works extremely well, especially if you can commit to 4 days of training.
For example, we’ll place an emphasis on back development. With this particular example, since there are so many muscles that make up the entire back, it’s the only group we’ll focus on.
For all movements outside of rows, chins, and other back work, we’ll place all of our other training into maintenance mode. In other words, our lower body training, and upper body pushing will be minimal in comparison to our back training.
For maintenance training (referred to as Maintenance Work or MW later in the text), it’s good idea to do strength-oriented sets and reps here for the best effect.
An example would be doing 3×5 for squats, and presses, and perhaps, 3×5 for heavy deads, or RDL’s. This is enough work to maintain your leg strength, and as long as you’re doing some type of heavy pressing for the upper body, you’ll maintain your chest and tricep size and strength.
As for the back work, the way I like to set it up is like so.
Strength movement (SM) – 3-5 sets of 5-6 reps (2m rest)
Hypertrophy movement (HM) – 4-5 sets of 8-10 reps (1m rest)
‘Pump’ work (PW)* – 4-5 sets sets of 12-20 reps (30s rest)
Maintenance work (MW) – movements interspersed within training block (1-2m rest)
Here’s an example of the exercises you might use when doing each movement for a back specialization cycle.
Strength movement – Weighted chins or Heavy barbell rows
Hypertrophy movement – Seated rows, inverted rows, DB rows, hammer strength pulldowns
‘Pump’ work – neutral grip lat pulldowns, seated rows, just about any machine-based back movement
Maintenance work – presses, squats, leg presses, deadlifts (basically anything we’re not specializing)
*Pump work training needs to be all about feeling your muscles working. I want you to focus on making the mind-muscle connection as you perform each individual rep. Also, pay attention your form. By this point in the session, you will be very fatigued. This is why I recommend machine-based movements over free weights.
Monday – Back Emphasis
SM – Weighted Chin-ups
HM – Hammer Strength High Rows
PW – Single Arm DB Rows
Tuesday – Maintenance Mode
Squats or leg press 3×5 (2m rest)
RDL 3×5 (2m rest)
DB Incline Press 3×5 (2m rest)
Face pulls 5×12 (1m rest)
Wednesday – Rest Day
Thursday – Back Emphasis
SM – Barbell Rows
HM – Body weight chins
PW – Cable rows
Friday – Rest Day
Saturday – Back Emphasis
SM – Close-grip Weighted Chins
HM – T-bar Rows
PW – Inverted rows
MW – Flat Bench press (3×5)
MW – Skull Crushers (4×8-12)
Sunday – Rest Day
~ Daily Training Approach ~
If you have time for 3 days of weight training, and can commit to doing some body weight work at home, then the daily training approach might be a good option for you.
For this next scenario, we’ll place a focus on the smaller muscle groups: arms and calves.
During your main training days, you’ll be doing a full body split with 4 movements daily, plus some extra arm and calf work thrown in at the end.
An example split would look like the following for 3 sets of 5-8 reps for each movement.
- Leg press, lunges, squat jumps (any lower pushing movement)
- RDL, leg curls, hyperextensions, good mornings (any lower pulling movement)
- DB Bench press, incline barbell press (any upper pressing movement)
- Weighted chins, barbell rows (any upper pulling movement)
At the end of each weight training session, you will focus on arms and calves in a circuit-like fashion.
The goal is to rotate through 3 movements for 4 sets of 15-20 each.
Here’s how I’d set up the supersets, but the movement choices are up to you.
Biceps – Rope cable hammer curls
Triceps – V-bar handle cable pushdowns
Calves – Seated machine raises
Pick a weight you know you can do 20 reps with. You want to aim for at least 15 reps on each set, and no more than 20. If you get more than 20, add a few pounds or another plate on the weight stack.
Do each movement until you’re near failure, leaving 1 good rep in the tank. As soon as you’re done with the set, move to the next movement.
Take a 30 second break after each super set, and then repeat until you’ve completed all 4 sets.
What To Do On The Off Days
So now that you know how to attack your arms and calves on the training days, we’re going to focus on doing some work at home.
It’s best if you have some bands and dumbbells at home to get the most out of this training.
Each day, your goal is to get in 30 reps for each muscle group. In this case, we’re focusing on the biceps, triceps and calves.
For biceps, curls with a band or dumbbell are fine. A barbell works, too.
For triceps, extensions with a band, dumbbell or barbell works.
For calves, single-leg raises holding a dumbbell on a step is probably the best option with very little equipment. However if you have equipment at home, feel free to be creative with this movement.
Regardless of the exercise selection, the training principles are the same.
For this daily training, we’re using a Rest-Pause technique, and aiming for 30-35 reps for each muscle group and then you’re DONE. Seriously, don’t do any more work than this.
Here’s how it works.
Pick a rep/resistance that you can do for 10-12 reps. Always aim to leave 1 solid rep in the tank to avoid failure. Since we’re training every day, we want to avoid failure at all costs.
The first set needs to be 10-12 reps total.
After the first set, you will rest for 30 seconds.
The second set will be as many reps as possible while shying away from failure. This is usually anywhere from 5-8 reps if you did the first set correctly.
Then you rest another 30 seconds and repeat until you get 30-35 total reps.
Here’s an example of what a typical rest-pause cycle looks like.
- Set 1 – 11 reps (30s rest)
- Set 2 – 7 reps (30s rest)
- Set 3 – 5 reps (30s rest)
- Set 4 – 3 reps (30s rest)
- Set 5 – 3 reps (30s rest)
- Set 6 – 3 reps (30s rest)
- Set 7 – 3 reps (DONE!)
As you see, this is a total of 35 reps. The main thing is to not do any more work than this as you’re hitting arms and calves daily.
Ideally, you’ll take 1 day completely off for rest and recovery.
These methods can be applied to any muscle groups you want to bring up. However, I’d only focus on 1-2 large muscle groups at once, with the only exception being arms and calves together (3 total muscle groups) because they are smaller.
Just make sure that at all times you’re avoiding complete failure due to the frequency of the programs, as well as to keep progressing.